Really? And all this time I thought it was via educational reform starting in Florence in the 14th century.
Agent K - August 4, 2009, 1:26 am,
the cultural medical and educational knowledge brought back from the middle east by crusaders and pilgrims not too mention the rebuilding of roads leading to villages no longer being isolated is what lead to the Renaissance.
union - August 19, 2009, 4:14 pm,
So why is Europe now modernized, and the middle east a** backwards? Did the Crusaders steal all that great knowledge right out of their heads and replace it with fanaticism?